Restorative Dental Care For Children
Once the child develops a cavity, it is important to have the decay removed and the tooth restored. A decayed tooth left untreated will result in dental infection causing severe toothache and even fever in some children. Absence of pain does not mean that a filling is not necessary.
Root Canal Treatment
In teeth where the pulp is injured or infected, , our pedodontist will have to perform root canal treatment. However, in more severe cases, the tooth may need to be removed.
A young child may need root canal treatment in order to maintain the vitality of atooth affected by caries, traumatic injury, or other causes.
Even though baby teeth will eventually fall out, maintaining them is important for: preserving biting and chewing power, maintaining facial aesthetics, preventing tongue habits, helping with speech.and preserving space in the dental arch. If a baby tooth is lost too soon, its neighbours can move into the empty space. This could cause the permanent tooth to be blocked out, or cause it to erupt into a poor position.
Two common forms of root canal treatment (more accurately known as pulp therapy) for young children are pulpotomy and pulpectomy.
The pulpotomy procedure preserves the vitality of the pulp within the root. The dental pulp contains the nerve tissue, blood vessels, and reparative cells of the root. In a pulpotomy, the diseased pulp tissue within the crown portion of the tooth is removed, while the healthy tissue inside of the root is left alone. The space inside the treated tooth is then filled with a healing agent, and a stainless steel crown is usually placed over the tooth.
A pulpectomy is needed when inflammation or infection has damaged the pulp and progressed into the root canal portion of a tooth. In this procedure, the diseased pulp tissue is completely removed from the inside of the crown and root. The root canals are cleaned, , disinfected, and filled with a resorbable material. A stainless steel crown is usually placed over the tooth. If the tooth is in the front of the mouth, the crown can be tooth-coloured.
For young children, root canal treatment may be carried out by our Pedodontist under sedation.
In cases where a child has multiple decayed teeth and is too young to undergo long dental procedures on the dental chair, our Pedodontist can treat him/her under General Anaesthesia (GA) in a hospital. Dental treatment under GA is a common procedure practised by the Pedodontist for children who are very young and are unable to co-operate on the chair, or for children with severe trauma/injuries.